Our Learning

Year 1

Welcome to Year 1 at Samuel Lucas

The first year of Key Stage 1 (KS1). There are 2 classes in Year 1, and both have direct access to the KS1 playground.

Hazel Class

Ms Tranter / Miss Rigg (Maternity Leave) is the class teacher for Hazel class.

Birch Class

Mr Davies is the class teacher for Birch class.

Year 1 Summer Term 2022

Summer Term!

In English, we have been learning and recapping our phonics sounds that we have learnt throughout Year 1 and using them in our writing. We have been using our phonics sounds to read real and alien words. The children will listen to poetry and share their opinions of the text, as well as creating their own rhyming words to use in their own poetry. We will continue to improve our sentence structure by verbally rehearsing and writing instruction of how to create a fruit salad. The children will have the opportunity to use cross-curricular links from science to write a report on different trees they can identify around the school. Throughout the Summer Term we will continue to improve our letter formation and presentation of our writing.

As Mathematicians, we will be learning how to multiply by making equal groups in 2s, 5s and 10s. The children will also learn how divide by sharing.  In the second half term, we will be improving our place value to read and write numbers. We will be learning all the different coins, adding, subtracting and solving problems with money. At the end of the Summer Term we will be learning how to tell the time to the hour and half past. We will also look at how we can add time.

As Scientists, we will be using our science skills to explore how seeds grow into plants. The children will have the opportunity to plant their own sunflower seeds and look after them throughout the Summer Term. We will be identifying different trees that we have in our community. After half term, the children will be growing their own beans in the classroom. They will have to predict where the best location will be for them to grow, how much water they should give them throughout the half term and make suggestions how to help the seed grow.

As Designers, we will be creating a fruit salad. The children will taste different fruits to then design, make and evaluating their own fruit salad.  During this unit they will have the opportunity to develop their skills of cutting, peeling and slicing different fruits.

As Artists, we will be linking our scientific learning of trees within our art to create British trees by using collage. The children will also create collages linked to the Queen’s jubilee. After half term, the children’s art will have cross-curricular links to geography where we will be looking at the art of the indigenous people of Australia.

As Historians, we will be learning about Queen Elizabeth II and the importance she has had across the Commonwealth Countries during her reign. The children will be learning what the Queen’s Jubilee is and prepare for the Jubilee picnic in school. After half term, the children will be learning about the first flight, when and how it happened. The children will be experimenting to see how they can improve from their mistakes and develop their plans and designs of aeroplanes.

As Geographers, we will learn about different types of weather from locally to around the world. Exploring where and what the most extreme weathers are.  In the second half term, we will be learning about Australia. The children will learn about the physical features and major cities of Australia; indigenous people and the importance they play in society in the modern day and   about the Great Barrier Reef. The children will also find out how climate change is having an impact on the reef and surrounding oceans.

In Computing, children will learn how to code. They will have opportunities to program backgrounds and characters. Furthermore debugging will be integrated into these lessons which will test their problem solving skills. In the second half term, children will familiarise themselves using Excel spreadsheets. They will learn how to add images and find ways to get Excel to count for them. We will also explore the school and local community to find where and how technology is being used in our lives.

In PE we are looking at different ways to jump and how we can improve how high and far we jump. We will complete the unit with some jumping competitions for the children to show their understanding. In the second half term we will be improving our running technique and exploring different ways to run by changing speed and direction. The children will apply these new techniques in small games and activities.

In RE we are learning about our special books and religious books. Being respectful and understanding of what other people believe to be special. The children will be learning key stories from the Torah and Qu’ran. After the half term, pupils will learn more important religious stories-Christianity: The Good Samaritan; Buddhism-The Monkey King Brains; Hindusim-The Donkey with no brain or heart and Sikhism Guru Nanak.

As we continue on with our Jigsaw learning in the Summer Term we will be learning about relationships. We will discuss how we choose friends and build relationships with our friends as well as identifying different types of relationships and families in our community. In the second half term, we will be learning about ‘changing me’. We will look at how animals change through life cycles; how they have changed within the school year and their lives and also how we change and adapt to new experiences.

 Ms Tranter & Mr Davies

In PSHE & RSE theme for the Summer Term 1 is “Relationships”.  In Year 1, our weekly sessions include:

  • Knowing how to make friends and solving friendship problems
  • Helping others feel part of a group
  • Respecting others and knowing how to help when others feel upset
  • What makes a good relationship

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include:  friends, friendship, qualities, caring, sharing kind, greeting, touch, texture, community, self believe and proud.

In PSHE & RSE theme for the Summer 2 is “Changing Me”.  In Year 1, our weekly sessions include:

  • Understanding that we are all unique
  • Understand and respect the changes they see in themselves and other people
  • Knowing who to ask for help if worried about change
  • Looking forward to change

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: changes, life cycle, baby, adulthood, grown up, mature, male, female, vagina, penis, testicles, vulva, anus, new, feelings, anxious, worried, excited and coping.

Year 1 Spring Term 2022

Year 1 Spring Term 2022

Welcome back for the Spring Term!

In English, we will be enhancing and embedding our basic English skills. Through a series of different text and text types we will continue to perfect our sentence structure, sequence sentences to form short narratives and form our letters correctly. We will be using these writing skills to write our own reports about the human body, contemporary fiction, instructions and fairy tales.

As Mathematicians, we will continue to develop our understanding of number by focusing on place value, addition and subtraction within 20, particularly looking at and understanding our teen numbers.  Building on from this we will look at place value within 50, length and height, as well as capacity and volume.

As Scientists, we will be using our science skills to explore the science learning of ‘Animals Including Humans.’ The children will identify, name and draw the different parts of the human body and make connections with the senses. Building upon this knowledge the children will take part in different senses experiments. After the half term break, the children will move onto animals, learning about the different animal groups, what they eat and their features. The series of lessons will provide the children with opportunities to question, test, look for patters, record information and explain results.

As Designers, after half term we will be building on our knowledge of materials learnt from Autumn Terms Science to building free standing structures. Through a sequence of lessons and following the design process the children will make their own free standing chair for one of the three bears in the story of Goldilocks and the Three bears. The children will investigate, design, make and evaluate their own chair out of their chosen material.

As Artists, we will discover the work of different artists who explore the theme of landscapes. We will use these artists to create landscapes in different mediums and learn and enhance our artistic skills. We will be learning to apply our colour mixing skills, create prints using different techniques and weave to represent landscapes.

As Historians, we will use our skills to investigate and learn about the Battle of Hastings. Through a sequence of learning and practical application of their history skills the children will understand the main events of the Battle of Hastings and the importance of the Bayeux Tapestry in remembering the events. In the second half of the term, the children will explore and compare the lives of the two significant historical figures of Florence Nightingale and Mary Seacole. Through hands on experiences the children will question and think about the impact they had on history and why we learn about them.

As Geographers, this Spring term we will be thinking about the wider world around us by learning about mapping the world, as well as the continents and oceans. Through a sequence of practical lessons, the children will learn to map the word using geographical vocabulary, use and understand compass points as well as compare, contrast and name the continents and oceans.

In Computing lessons, children will be continuing to use and familiarise themselves with our online learning system Purple Mash. Our first computing unit is called Lego Builders where the children will be introduced to the term ‘algorithm’ and how this concept is at the core of coding. The next unit (Maze Explorers), builds upon this, linking logical thought processes to the way that computers are programmed. In the second half of the term they will work on a unit where they will create animated story books. The series of lessons will provide an opportunity for the children to develop the skills to create, organise, store, manipulate and retrieve digital content through the creation of their own animated story book.

In PE we are developing our gymnastics skills. The unit of work will develop pupils’ ability to apply ‘champion gymnastics’ as they explore movements and balances in wide, narrow and curled ways on the floor and on apparatus. Pupils will transition between the theme words as they move and develop simple sequences, linking movements together. After half term they will be working on their games for understanding. In this unit the pupils’ apply the principles of attack vs defence, with a particular focus on creating simple attacking tactics in order to move the ball up the court, creating an attack that results in a shooting opportunity. They will then go onto ball skills with their feet. The children will develop their ability to apply effective dribbling skills. Pupils will develop their understanding of why we need to be accurate when kicking (passing) a ball. Pupils will be able to collaborate and work together in a team.

In RE we are thinking about what it means to belong to a family and community. Thinking about what is important to us. We will explore naming ceremonies and role play a baptism through drama and song. After the half term, pupils will explore examples of religious artefacts, asking questions, finding out their meaning and use in the context of prayer and worship. Finally exploring the Easter story and what it means to Christians.

As we continue on with our Jigsaw learning this Spring Term we will be exploring the two new Jigsaw pieces ‘Dreams and Goals’, followed by ‘Healthy Me.’ During the first jigsaw piece the children will talk about challenging themselves, success and storing positive feelings. In the second half of the term they will explore the body and what it needs to stay healthy, along with what choices we can make to have a healthy mind and body.

What a lot of learning! We are very much looking forward to an enjoyable term ahead!

Ms Tranter, Mrs Rogers & Miss Rigg

Year 1 Autumn Term 2021

Welcome to your new classrooms Hazel and Birch. Our theme this term is called Adventures.

During English, we will follow the theme of adventures by exploring the adventure story ‘Peter Pan’. We will be discovering this story through lots of activities and different written outcomes. We will also spend time reading and performing poetry. We will be trying very hard to master a perfect pencil grip and perfecting our letter formation.

Alongside our English unit on Peter Pan, we will be developing our DT skills by learning about sliders and levers. We will use our newly learnt skills to design and make our own moving Peter Pan picture.

In Maths, we will continue to develop our understanding of number by focusing on place value, addition and subtraction. We will also look at the properties of shapes in geometry.

In the first half of the term, we will be using our science skills to explore different everyday materials. During this, we will take part in experiments to test and learn about their properties. In the second half of the term, as part of our work around the theme, we will be using our observation and exploration skills to investigate the weather and seasonal changes of autumn.

In Computing lessons, children will be introduced to Purple Mash – our online learning platform. Through this platform, children will learn about online safety, basic computing skills and communication and networks.

In PE we are developing our teamwork skills. They will be focusing on co-operation and communication to problem solve as a team. The children will also be developing their ball skills, with a focus on using their hands.

In RE we will be learning about Beliefs and Practices by focusing on how Christians and Jews celebrate the fruitfulness of the Earth. We will also be exploring the idea of Justice and Fairness through charity work. In the second half of the term, we are developing our understanding of Festivals of Light.

The PSHE & RSE theme for the Autumn Term 1 is “Being in My World”. In Year 1, our weekly sessions include:

  • Feeling special and safe in my class
  • Understanding rights and responsibilities as a class member
  • Knowing my views are valued
  • Recognising the choices I make and understanding that there are consequences

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: safe, special, calm, belonging, rights, responsibilities, proud, rewards, upset, disappointed, consequences.

In PSHE & RSE theme for the Autumn Term 2 is “Celebrating Difference”.  In Year 1, our weekly sessions include:

  • Accepting that everyone is different
  • Include others when working and playing
  • What bullying is
  • Know who to talk to if unhappy or being bullied
  • How to make new friends
  • Know how to give and receive compliments.

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: same as, similar, different from, difference, bullying, bullying behaviour, deliberate, on purpose, unfair, bully, bullied, included, celebration and unique.

We are very much looking forward to the exciting term ahead!

Miss Rigg & Miss Rogers

Core Subjects

Click on a tab below to read detailed information about how and what is taught in English and maths for Year 1 children. For an overview of the other subjects taught please view the Year 1 Curriculum Overview document.

Year 1 English


In English lessons, children are taught speaking, listening, reading and writing skills through studying a variety of styles of writing (genres).  Teachers follow the Teaching Sequence for Writing, which means that children will firstly be taught to read and understand the text, then practise the skills of the style of writing (including grammar) and apply into their own writing.

The Primary National Curriculum statements will be taught through the modules below.

Y1 English Coverage

The Year 1 English curriculum consists of the following modules.

 Term OneTerm TwoTerm Three
NarrativeStories with predictable phrasingContemporary fiction – Stories reflecting children’s own experienceTraditional Tales
Fairy Tales
Non-fictionLabels, lists and captions
PoetryVocabulary building
Structure – Rhyming Couplets
Vocabulary building
Structure – Rhyming Couplets
Vocabulary building
Take one poet – poetry appreciation

Curriculum Content

Speaking and Listening

The children will become more familiar with and confident in using language in a greater variety of situations.  They will, for example:

  • Listen to and discuss a wide range of books and poems
  • Recognise and join in with predictable phrases
  • Learn some rhymes and poems to recite by heart
  • Discuss the meaning of words and extend vocabulary
  • Join in with discussions and explain their understanding
  • Change their speaking when taking on a role of a character during play


This part of the curriculum is broken down into ‘word reading’ and ‘comprehension’.

In Year 1, pupils continue to learn to read words using phonics as well as learning to recognise words that cannot easily be sounded out e.g. once.  At Samuel Lucas we use ‘Letters and Sounds’ to teach phonics.  Our reading schemes to support this are: Bug Club – online,  Phonics Bug – Pearson publishers, Oxford Reading Tree – phonics, Dandelion Readers, Yellow Door.

As well as being able to read words, children need to understand what they read and develop a life-long love of reading.  They will learn to do this through carefully structured activities using a wide range of high-quality books. They are encouraged to:

  • Make links between their own experiences and the story
  • Check that they understand what they are reading
  • Talk about the title and the main events
  • Predict what might happen before they read it
  • Join in with predictable phrases

We are able to provide you with lists of age appropriate texts to support the learning :

Stories with predictable phrasing

  • My Granny Went To Market : A round – the – world counting rhyme – Stella Blackstone
  • We All Went On Safari : A Counting Journey through Tanzania – Laurie Krebs and Julia Cairns
  • Handa’s Hen – Eileen Browne
  • One Smiling Grandma: Caribbean Counting Book – Ann Marie Linden and Lynne Russell
  • This Is the Tree – Miriam Moss
  • Unfortunately – Alan Durant and Simon Rickerty
  • Monkey and Me – Emily Gravett
  • We’re Going on a Bear Hunt – Michael Rosen
  • We’re Going on a Lion Hunt – David Axtell
  • Over on the Farm – Christopher Gunson

Contemporary fiction – stories reflecting children’s own experience

  • Naughty Bus – Jan and Jerry Oke
  • Do You Know What Grandad Did? – Brian Smith
  • Mr Davies and the Baby – Charlotte Voake
  • I Don’t Want To (and others) – Bel Mooney
  • Something Special – Nicola Moon
  • The Most Obedient Dog In The World –  Anita Jeram
  • Nothing – Mick Inkpen
  • Tales of Trotter Street (and others ) – Shirley Hughes
  • Dogger – Shirley Hughes
  • Amazing Grace – Mary Hoffman
  • Clever Sticks – Bernard Ashley
  • Bens Baby – Michael Foreman

Traditional Tales and fairy tales

  • Once Upon a Time – Nick Sharratt
  • The Three Billy Goats Gruff – Nick Sharratt and Stephen Tucker
  • The Teddy Robber – Ian Beck
  • The Ugly Duckling – Ian Beck
  • Twice Upon a Time Series – Rose Impey
  • The Great Big Enormous Turnip – Alexei Tolstoy and Helen Oxenbury
  • The Tiger Child: A folk tale from India –  Joanna Troughton


In Year 1 children develop their writing through the following areas:


  • Spell words using phonics
  • Learn commonly used whole words that are difficult to sound out
  • Spell the days of the week
  • Begin to look at patterns and rules


  • Hold a pencil correctly
  • Form letters and digits correctly and confidently
  • Leave spaces between words


  • Speak in whole sentences
  • Write sequences of sentences
  • Re-read and check for sense
  • Develop a wide vocabulary
  • Use capital letters, full stops, question marks and exclamation marks
  • Join sentences with ‘and’

Year 1 Maths

Working mathematically

By the end of year 1, children begin to solve simple problems involving addition and subtraction in familiar contexts such as going shopping, using a range of hands-on equipment, symbols, images and pictures. They begin to use what they know to tackle problems that are more complex and provide simple reasons for their opinions.


Counting and understanding numbers

Children will identify and represent numbers using objects, pictures and models, such as the number line, and use ‘equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most and least.’ Children will accurately count numbers to, and across, 100 forwards and backwards from any given number with increasing understanding. They count, read, write and order numbers in numerals up to 100 and from 1 to 20 in words. When given a number, they can identify one more and one less. They can count in multiples of twos, fives and tens.


Children will understand known addition and subtraction facts within 20, including zero. They will demonstrate an understanding of multiplication and division through grouping and sharing using hands-on resources, pictorial representations and arrays (2, 5 and 10). They understand doubling and halving small quantities.


Through play and hands-on resources, children will find and name half and one quarter of objects, shapes and quantities.


Children will begin to measure using non-standard units (finger widths, blocks etc.) moving to standard units of measure (e.g. cm) using tools such as a ruler, weighing scales and containers. They will begin to record and compare measurements such as lengths and heights, mass and weight, capacity and volume using language such as long / short; heavy / light; full / half-full / empty. They will tell the time to the hour, half past the hour and be able to sequence events in chronological order using precise language (for example, before and after, next, first, today etc.). Children will recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes.


Children will recognise and name common 2-D shapes, e.g. rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles, and 3-D shapes, e.g. cuboids (including cubes, pyramids and spheres) in different orientations and sizes. They will describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half and three quarter turns.


In preparation for year 2, children will begin to compare, sort and classify information, including through cross curricular links e.g. science – sorting materials into groups according to their properties. They will also begin to construct simple pictograms and tables.

Year 1 Learning Blog