Our Learning

Year 2

Welcome to Year 2 at Samuel Lucas

The final year of Key Stage 1 (KS1). There are 2 classes in Year 2, Hawthorn and Oak, and both have direct access to the KS2 playground that links to the KS1 playground.

Hawthorn Class

Mrs Easton is the class teacher for Hawthorn Class.

Oak Class

Miss Riste is the class teacher for Oak Class.

Year 2 Summer Term 2022

This term our theme will be ‘Great and Ghastly events’. We will learning all about the Great Fire of London and will even have a special ‘History off the Page’ day where the children get to visit London in 1666. They will also learn about 2 great explorers and compare their lives and achievements.

In English we will be exploring a range of different text types. We will read and write our own creation stories, explanation texts and recounts.

In Maths we will learn how to apply our knowledge to problem solving using efficient methods. We will also learn about position and direction, telling the time (o’clock, half past, quarter to, quarter past) and different measurements such as mass, capacity and temperature.

In Science we will be learning about plants by observing and describing how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants and finding out and describing how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy.

In Computing we will explore a range of artists and use Purple Mash to create art based upon different styles. We will make music by creating our own tunes and will create fact files to present to the class.

In DT we will be developing our sewing skills by designing, making and evaluating our very own hand puppets.

In Art we will focus on our printing and painting skills to create artwork linked to our theme ‘Great and Ghastly events’.

In RE we will explore justice and fairness, human responsibility and values and ultimate questions.

In PE the children will work with Mr Smith on using their feet to dribble with a ball. They will also be preparing for Sports day. With us the children will be competing in different games to help them develop their understanding of attack and defence.

In PSHE & RSE our theme for the first Summer Term is “Relationships”. In Year 2, our weekly sessions include:

  • Understanding that everyone’s family is different
  • Exploring physical contact and keeping safe
  • How to resolve conflict with friends
  • Knowing when it is okay or not to keep a secret
  • Understanding how to trust someone
  • Accepting appreciation from others

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: family, different, similarities, relationship, physical contact, touch, acceptable, not acceptable, friends, conflict, point of view, secret, surprise & trust.

In PSHE & RSE our theme for the second Summer Term is “Changing Me”. In Year 2, our weekly sessions include:

  • Recognising life cycles in nature
  • Growing from young to old
  • Recognising how our bodies have changed since being a baby
  • Recognising the physical differences between boys and girls
  • Recognising different types of touch
  • Looking forward to my next class

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: change, grow, life cycle, baby, toddler, child, teenager, adult, growing up, old, young, male, female, vagina, penis, testicles, vulva, anus, public, private, touch, acceptable, unacceptable, looking forward.

Year 2 Spring Term 2022

As writers, we will start the term by writing our own very own set of instructions based on our DT project where we made vehicles. We will then explore stories with recurring language by reading the texts ‘On the way home’ and ‘That rabbit belongs to Emily Brown.’  We will also read the text ‘Monsters: An Owner’s Guide’ and then create our own explanation texts from this.

As mathematicians we will be introduced to the x symbol and understand that it means “groups of”. We will use this knowledge to help us learn our 2, 5 and 10x tables. We will then use our multiplication facts to help us use the ÷ symbol and understand that it means “shared between”. Later in the term, we will explore statistics, the properties of 2D and 3D shapes as well as learning our fractions (e.g. ½, ¼, ¾).

As scientists we will be exploring the use of everyday materials and their properties. We will explore how materials can be shaped, suitability of materials and recycling.

As digital learners we will use Purple Mash to construct binary trees to help us answer questions. We will also gain a better understanding of how to search for something on the internet.

As geographers we are going to be learning how we represent the world by exploring globes, atlases and maps. We will use these resources to help us identify and locate the oceans and continents of the world. We will then delve deeper into each ocean to find out more about them.

As historians we will be learning about significant explorers from the past. We will learn about Christopher Columbus and Neil Armstrong and discuss the impact their discoveries had on the world. We will then compare and contrast them by answering the question: who was the greatest explorer?

As designers we will be inspired by our text ‘That Rabbit belongs to Emily Brown’ and we will explore, design and create our very own hand puppets to help us retell the story.

As artists we will be developing skills for sculpting, learning from famous sculptors such as Antony Gormley.

As physical learners in the first half term we will be developing our gymnastic skills through the topics ‘linking’ and ‘pathways’. In the second half term we will learn about attacking and defending as a team and also develop our ball skills using our feet.

As religious learners we will be learning about special places, including places of worship. We will also have the opportunity to explore a local place of worship. We will then discover the meaning of Easter, including the Last Supper and Good Friday.

In PSHE & RSE our theme for the first Spring Term is “Dreams and Goals”. In Year 2, our weekly sessions include:

  • Choosing simple goals for ourselves and working out how to achieve them,
  • Persevering even when things are difficult
  • Recognising who I work well with and how to work in a group
  • Sharing our success with others

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: proud, success, celebrate, achievement, goals, strengths, persevere, challenge, learning together, team work & problem-solving.

We look forward to a busy and exciting term ahead.

Year 2 Autumn Term 2021

Welcome to your new classrooms Hawthorn and Oak.

As writers, we will start the term by exploring the traditional tale of Rapunzel through reading, writing and drama. We will become poets and create our very own list and calligram poems. We will also create our very own reports about the UK.

As mathematicians, we will begin the year by consolidating and building upon our understanding of place value. We will then extend our knowledge of addition and subtraction and be introduced to the formal column method to help us solve problems with bigger numbers. We will also learn about money and we will use our addition and subtraction skills to find totals and change. We will also be introduced to multiplication and start to learn our 2, 5 and 10 times tables.

As scientists, we will be learning about ‘Living things and their habitats’ by investigating, exploring and comparing a variety of habitats and simple food chains. In the second half of the term, we are investigating ‘Animals including humans’ by describing the basic needs of animals, and the importance of a healthy lifestyle.

As historians, we are going to use sources of evidence to explore the lives of significant individuals in the past. We will look at Grace Darling’s and Martin Luther King’s lives and explore the impact they had on society.

As geographers, we are learning all about the UK. We will use maps to identify the 4 countries of the UK and their capital cities. We will then explore the capital cities in more detail, finding out about their human and physical features.

As designers, we will be exploring wheels and axles and then use our knowledge of this to help us design and make our very own vehicles.

As artists, we will be developing our drawing skills by using tones, altering the thickness of lines and using dots and lines to show texture and pattern.

As digital learners, we will use Purple Mash to help us develop our coding skills by creating a complex program that tells a story. We will learn how to use spreadsheets to input data to create graphs. We will also build on our understanding of online safety by thinking about how to keep personal data secure and thinking about the information that we leave online.

In PE we will start the year by developing our team building skills as well as focusing on our health and wellbeing. In the second half of the term we will be gymnasts and create sequences involving linking and pathways.

In RE we will be looking at the significance of signs and symbols in the world around us, particularly in religious groups. In the second half of the term we will focus on the Christian festival of Christmas and the importance of gifts.

In PSHE & RSE our theme for the first Autumn Term is “Being me in my world”. In the second term our theme is ‘Celebrating Differences’. In Year 2, our weekly sessions include:

  • Hopes and fears for the year
  • Rights and responsibilities
  • Rewards and consequences
  • Working cooperatively
  • Following the learning charter

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: worries, hopes, fears, belonging, rights, responsibilities, praise, reward, consequence, choices & co-operate.

In PSHE & RSE our theme for the second Autumn Term is “Celebrating Difference”. In Year 2, our weekly sessions include:

  • Understanding how boys and girls are similar/different
  • Why bullying happens
  • Standing up for myself and others
  • Gender diversity
  • How differences make us unique

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: boys, girls, male, female, similarities, stereotypes, special, bully, difference, kind, unkind, feelings, on purpose, friends & unique.

We are very much looking forward to the exciting term ahead!

Miss Riste & Mrs Easton

Core Subjects

Click on a tab below to read detailed information about how and what is taught in English and maths for Year 2 children. For an overview of the other subjects taught please view the Year 2 Curriculum Overview document.

Year 2 English


In English lessons, children are taught speaking, listening, reading and writing skills through studying a variety of styles of writing (genres).  Teachers follow the Teaching Sequence for Writing, which means that children will firstly be taught to read and understand the text, then practise the skills of the style of writing (including grammar) and apply into their own writing.

The Primary National Curriculum statements will be taught through the modules below.

Y2  English Coverage

The Year 2 English curriculum consists of the following modules.

 Term OneTerm TwoTerm Three
NarrativeTraditional Tales and Fairy TalesStories with recurring literacy languageTraditional Tales – Myths (creation stories)
PoetryVocabulary building (list poems)
Structure – calligrams
Vocabulary building
Structure - calligrams
Vocabulary building
Take one poet – poetry appreciation

Curriculum Content

Speaking and Listening

The children will become more familiar with and confident in using language in a greater variety of situations. They will, for example:

  • Listen to and express views about a wide range of books and poems
  • Retell familiar stories and discuss the order of events
  • Build a bank of poems that they can recite by heart
  • Clarify the meaning of words and extend vocabulary
  • Join in with discussions, ask questions and explain their understanding
  • Change their speaking for different purposes and audiences such as role play or performances


This part of the curriculum is broken down into ‘word reading’ and ‘comprehension’.

Pupils will be taught to read words fluently and speedily, using phonics as well as developing a growing bank of words that they recognise instantly.  They will also be taught to check their own reading makes sense, and to re-read to correct when something doesn’t make sense.

As well as being able to read words, children need to understand what they read and develop a life-long love of reading.  They will learn to do this through carefully structured activities using a wide range of high-quality books. They are encouraged to:

  • Make links between their own experiences and the story
  • Self-correct if what they are reading doesn’t make sense
  • Answer questions about a text, including questions where the answer is not obvious eg ‘Why did the character say that?’
  • Predict what might happen at various points in a story
  • Work out why things have happened in a story
  • Read a variety of non-fiction books

Recommended reading list:

Traditional Tales and Fairy Tales

  • The Jolly Postman –  Janet and Allan Ahlberg
  • The Paper Bag Princess – Robert Munsch
  • The Boy Who Cried Wolf – Tony Ross
  • Into the Forest – Anthony Browne
  • Guess who’s coming for dinner? – John Kelly
  • Little Red – A fizzingly good yarn – Lynne Roberts
  • Little Chicken Chicken – David Martin
  • Jasper’s Beanstalk – Nick Butterworth

Stories with recurring literacy language

  • Once There Were Giants – Martin Waddell
  • Stars of Mine – Kevin Crossley-Holland
  • Don’t Let the Pigeon Drive the Bus! – Mo Willems
  • The smartest giant in town – Julia Donaldson
  • Traction Man is here – Mini Grey
  • A Dark, Dark Tale – Ruth Brown
  • Oi! Get Off Our Train – John Burningham

Traditional Tales – Myths (creation stories)

  • How the Whale Became – Ted Hughes
  • Tiddalick the Frog – Susan Nunes
  • Ahmed and the Feather Girl – Jane Ray
  • How the zebra got its stripes – Justine & Ron Fontes
  • How the camel got its hump – Justine & Ron Fontes
  • How the turtle got its shell – Justine & Ron Fontes
  • Tinga Tinga Tales: why giraffe has a long neck
  • Tinga Tinga Tales: why lion ROARRRS!
  • Tinga Tinga Tales: why monkeys swing in the trees
  • Tinga Tinga Tales: why leopard has spots
  • Tinga Tinga Tales: why chameleon changes colour
  • Tinga Tinga Tales: why elephant has a trunk


Children will develop their writing through the following areas:


  • Continue to spell words using phonics
  • Learn commonly used whole words that are difficult to sound out
  • Understand more patterns and rules


  • Form letters that are consistent in size
  • Leave appropriate spaces between words


  • Plan what they are going to write
  • Record their writing sentence by sentence
  • Re-read and check for sense and accuracy
  • Write for a range of purposes
  • Develop a wide vocabulary
  • Develop their understanding and accuracy of punctuation
  • Use a range of words to join sentences and add detail

Year 2 Maths

Working mathematically

By the end of year 2, children will solve problems with one or a small number of simple steps. Children will discuss their understanding and begin to explain their thinking using appropriate mathematical vocabulary, hands-on resources and different ways of recording. They will ask simple questions relevant to the problem and begin to suggest ways of solving them.


Counting and understanding numbers

Children will develop their understanding of place value of numbers to at least 100 and apply this when ordering, comparing, estimating and rounding. Children begin to understand zero as a place holder as this is the foundation for manipulating larger numbers in subsequent years. Children will count fluently forwards and backwards up to and beyond 100 in multiples of 2, 3, 5 and 10 from any number. They will use hands-on resources to help them understand and apply their knowledge of place value in two digit numbers, representing the numbers in a variety of different ways.


Children learn that addition and multiplication number sentences can be re-ordered and the answer remains the same (commutativity) such as 9+5+1= 5+1+9. They learn that this is not the case with subtraction and division. They solve a variety of problems using mental and written calculations for +, -, x, ÷ in practical contexts. These methods will include partitioning which is where the number is broken up into more manageable parts (e.g. 64 = 60 + 4 or 50 + 14), re-ordering (e.g. moving the larger number to the beginning of the number sentence when adding several small numbers) and using a number line.  Children will know the 2, 5 and 10 times tables, as well as the matching division facts (4 x 5 = 20, 20 ÷ 5 = 4) and can recall them quickly and accurately. They apply their knowledge of addition and subtraction facts to 20 and can use these to work out facts up to 100.

Fractions including decimals

Throughout year 2, children will develop their understanding of fractions and the link to division. They explore this concept using pictures, images and hands-on resources. They will solve problems involving fractions (e.g. find 1/3 of the hexagon or ¼ of the marbles) and record what they have done. They will count regularly and fluently in fractions such as ½ and ¼ forwards and backwards and, through positioning them on a number line, understand that some have the same value (equivalent) e.g. ½ = 2/4.


Children will estimate, choose, use and compare a variety of measurements for length, mass, temperature, capacity, time and money. By the end of year 2, they will use measuring apparatus such as rulers accurately. They will use their knowledge of measurement to solve problems (e.g. how many ways to make 50p). They extend their understanding of time to tell and write it on an analogue clock to 5 minute intervals, including quarter past / to the hour. They will know key time related facts (minutes in an hour, hours in a day) and relate this to their everyday life.


Children will identify, describe, compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes according to their properties (sides, vertices, edges, faces) and apply this knowledge to solve simple problems. They develop their understanding by finding examples of 3-D shapes in the real world and exploring the 2-D shapes that can be found on them (e.g. a circle is one of the faces on a cylinder). Children begin to describe position, direction and movement in a range of different situations, including understanding rotation (turning through right angles clockwise and anti-clockwise). They use their knowledge of shape in patterns and sequences.


Children sort and compare information, communicating findings by asking and answering questions. They will draw simple pictograms, tally charts and tables.

Year 2 Learning Blog