Our Learning

Year 2

Welcome to Year 2 at Samuel Lucas

The final year of Key Stage 1 (KS1). There are 2 classes in Year 2, Hawthorn and Oak, and both have direct access to the KS2 playground that links to the KS1 playground.

Hawthorn Class

Mrs Easton is the class teacher for Hawthorn Class.

Oak Class

Miss Mai is the class teacher for Oak Class.

Year 2 Spring 2024

As writers, we will start the term by reading the text ‘Monsters: An Owner’s Guide’ and then create our own explanation texts from this. We will then explore stories with recurring language by reading the texts ‘I love Chinese New Year’ and ‘That rabbit belongs to Emily Brown’ and then writing our own versions of these stories. We will also write our own poems.

As mathematicians, we will start by recognising pounds and pence. We will then explore how we can select coins/notes to make a total and how to calculate change. We will also be introduced to the x symbol and understand that it means “groups of”. We will use this knowledge to help us learn our 2, 5 and 10x tables. We will then use our multiplication facts to help us use the ÷ symbol and understand that it means “shared between”. Later in the term, we will learn how to measure length and height using cm and m, measure capacity and volume using ml and l, measure mass using g and kg and measure temperature using ˚c.

As scientists, we will be exploring the use of everyday materials and their properties. We will explore how materials can be shaped, suitability of materials and recycling.

As digital learners we will use Purple Mash to construct binary trees to help us answer questions. We will also gain a better understanding of how to search for something on the internet.

As geographers we will be exploring our local area Hitchin and identify physical and human features and practise our field work, mapping and observation skills when learning more about Hitchin,

As historians, we will be continue our learning of significant people from the past. We will learn about Florence Nightingale, Mary Seacole and Marie Curie and their influence to society as influential women. We will also be learning about medicine through the ages looking at the Plague and Covid pandemic.

As artists, we will be developing skills for sculpting, learning from famous sculptors such as Antony Gormley.

As physical learners in the first half term we will be developing our gymnastic skills through the topics ‘linking’ and ‘pathways’. In the second half term we will learn about attacking and defending as a team and also develop our ball skills using our feet.

As religious learners we will be learning about special places, including places of worship. We will also have the opportunity to explore a local place of worship. We will then discover the meaning of Easter, including the Last Supper and Good Friday.

In PSHE & RSE our theme for the first Spring Term is “Dreams and Goals”. In Year 2, our weekly sessions include:

  • Choosing simple goals for ourselves and working out how to achieve them,
  • Persevering even when things are difficult
  • Recognising who I work well with and how to work in a group
  • Sharing our success with others

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: proud, success, celebrate, achievement, goals, strengths, persevere, challenge, learning together, team work & problem-solving.

In PSHE & RSE our theme for the second Spring Term is “Healthy Me”.   In Year 2, our weekly sessions include:

  • Knowing what we need to keep our bodies healthy
  • Knowing which foods to choose to give us energy and how they are good for our bodies
  • Recognising stress and how to relax

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: healthy choices, lifestyle, motivation, relax, tense, calm, healthy, unhealthy, dangerous, medicines, safe, body, balanced diet, proportion, energy, fuel & nutritious.

We look forward to a busy and exciting term ahead!

Year 2 Autumn 2023

Welcome to your new classrooms Hawthorn and Oak.

As writers, we will start the term by exploring Charlie Cook’s favourite book then moving onto the traditional tale of Rapunzel through reading, writing and drama. We will become poets and create our very own list and calligram poems. We will also create our very own reports about the UK.

As mathematicians we will begin the year by consolidating and building upon our understanding of place value. We will then extend our knowledge of addition and subtraction and learn how to add and subtract 2 digit numbers. We will also learn to recognise and name 2D and 3D shapes and their properties.

As scientists, we will be learning about ‘Living things and their habitats’ by investigating, exploring and comparing a variety of habitats and simple food chains. In the second half of the term, we are investigating ‘Animals including humans’ by describing the basic needs of animals, and the importance of a healthy lifestyle.

As historians we are going to use sources of evidence to explore the lives of significant individuals in the past. We will look at Grace Darling’s and Martin Luther King’s lives and explore the impact they had on society then take a trip to the Hitchin Town Museum to learn about the Lucas Brothers.

As geographers, we are learning all about the UK. We will use maps to locate and learn about the world’s continents and oceans.

As designers we will be exploring wheels and axles and then use our knowledge of this to help us design and make our very own vehicles.

As artists we will be developing our drawing skills by using tones, altering the thickness of lines and using dots and lines to show texture and pattern.

As digital learners we will use Purple Mash to help us develop our coding skills by creating a complex program that tells a story. We will learn how to use spreadsheets to input data to create graphs. We will also build on our understanding of online safety by thinking about how to keep personal data secure and thinking about the information that we leave online.

In PE we will start the year by developing our team building skills as well as focusing on our health and wellbeing. In the second half of the term we will be gymnasts and create sequences involving linking and pathways.

In RE, as religious learners, we will be introduced to Judaism and will be learning about prayer, worship and symbols.

In PSHE, our jigsaw piece for the first Autumn Term is “Being me in my world”. In the second term, our theme is ‘Celebrating Differences’.

In PSHE & RSE our theme for the first Autumn Term 1 is “Being me in my world”. In Year 2, our weekly sessions include:

  • Hopes and fears for the year
  • Rights and responsibilities
  • Rewards and consequences
  • Working cooperatively
  • Following the learning charter

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: worries, hopes, fears, belonging, rights, responsibilities, praise, reward, consequence, choices & co-operate.

In PSHE & RSE our theme for the second Autumn Term 2 is “Celebrating Difference”. In Year 2, our weekly sessions include:

  • Understanding how boys and girls are similar/different
  • Why bullying happens
  • Standing up for myself and others
  • Gender diversity
  • How differences make us unique

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: boys, girls, male, female, similarities, stereotypes, special, bully, difference, kind, unkind, feelings, on purpose, friends & unique.

We are very much looking forward to the exciting term ahead!

Miss Mai and Mrs Easton

Support team: Mrs Barclay, Mrs Medlock and Mrs Laws

Core Subjects

Click on a tab below to read detailed information about how and what is taught in English and maths for Year 2 children. For an overview of the other subjects taught please view the Year 2 Curriculum Overview document.

Year 2 English


In English lessons, children are taught speaking, listening, reading and writing skills through studying a variety of styles of writing (genres).  Teachers follow the Teaching Sequence for Writing, which means that children will firstly be taught to read and understand the text, then practise the skills of the style of writing (including grammar) and apply into their own writing.

The Primary National Curriculum statements will be taught through the modules below.

Y2  English Coverage

The Year 2 English curriculum consists of the following modules.

Term OneTerm TwoTerm Three
NarrativeTraditional Tales and Fairy TalesStories with recurring literacy languageTraditional Tales – Myths (creation stories)
PoetryVocabulary building (list poems)
Structure – calligrams
Vocabulary building
Structure - calligrams
Vocabulary building
Take one poet – poetry appreciation

Curriculum Content

Speaking and Listening

The children will become more familiar with and confident in using language in a greater variety of situations. They will, for example:

  • Listen to and express views about a wide range of books and poems
  • Retell familiar stories and discuss the order of events
  • Build a bank of poems that they can recite by heart
  • Clarify the meaning of words and extend vocabulary
  • Join in with discussions, ask questions and explain their understanding
  • Change their speaking for different purposes and audiences such as role play or performances


This part of the curriculum is broken down into ‘word reading’ and ‘comprehension’.

Pupils will be taught to read words fluently and speedily, using phonics as well as developing a growing bank of words that they recognise instantly.  They will also be taught to check their own reading makes sense, and to re-read to correct when something doesn’t make sense.

As well as being able to read words, children need to understand what they read and develop a life-long love of reading.  They will learn to do this through carefully structured activities using a wide range of high-quality books. They are encouraged to:

  • Make links between their own experiences and the story
  • Self-correct if what they are reading doesn’t make sense
  • Answer questions about a text, including questions where the answer is not obvious eg ‘Why did the character say that?’
  • Predict what might happen at various points in a story
  • Work out why things have happened in a story
  • Read a variety of non-fiction books

Recommended reading list:

Traditional Tales and Fairy Tales

  • The Jolly Postman –  Janet and Allan Ahlberg
  • The Paper Bag Princess – Robert Munsch
  • The Boy Who Cried Wolf – Tony Ross
  • Into the Forest – Anthony Browne
  • Guess who’s coming for dinner? – John Kelly
  • Little Red – A fizzingly good yarn – Lynne Roberts
  • Little Chicken Chicken – David Martin
  • Jasper’s Beanstalk – Nick Butterworth

Stories with recurring literacy language

  • Once There Were Giants – Martin Waddell
  • Stars of Mine – Kevin Crossley-Holland
  • Don’t Let the Pigeon Drive the Bus! – Mo Willems
  • The smartest giant in town – Julia Donaldson
  • Traction Man is here – Mini Grey
  • A Dark, Dark Tale – Ruth Brown
  • Oi! Get Off Our Train – John Burningham

Traditional Tales – Myths (creation stories)

  • How the Whale Became – Ted Hughes
  • Tiddalick the Frog – Susan Nunes
  • Ahmed and the Feather Girl – Jane Ray
  • How the zebra got its stripes – Justine & Ron Fontes
  • How the camel got its hump – Justine & Ron Fontes
  • How the turtle got its shell – Justine & Ron Fontes
  • Tinga Tinga Tales: why giraffe has a long neck
  • Tinga Tinga Tales: why lion ROARRRS!
  • Tinga Tinga Tales: why monkeys swing in the trees
  • Tinga Tinga Tales: why leopard has spots
  • Tinga Tinga Tales: why chameleon changes colour
  • Tinga Tinga Tales: why elephant has a trunk


Children will develop their writing through the following areas:


  • Continue to spell words using phonics
  • Learn commonly used whole words that are difficult to sound out
  • Understand more patterns and rules


  • Form letters that are consistent in size
  • Leave appropriate spaces between words


  • Plan what they are going to write
  • Record their writing sentence by sentence
  • Re-read and check for sense and accuracy
  • Write for a range of purposes
  • Develop a wide vocabulary
  • Develop their understanding and accuracy of punctuation
  • Use a range of words to join sentences and add detail

Year 2 Maths

Working mathematically

By the end of year 2, children will solve problems with one or a small number of simple steps. Children will discuss their understanding and begin to explain their thinking using appropriate mathematical vocabulary, hands-on resources and different ways of recording. They will ask simple questions relevant to the problem and begin to suggest ways of solving them.


Counting and understanding numbers

Children will develop their understanding of place value of numbers to at least 100 and apply this when ordering, comparing, estimating and rounding. Children begin to understand zero as a place holder as this is the foundation for manipulating larger numbers in subsequent years. Children will count fluently forwards and backwards up to and beyond 100 in multiples of 2, 3, 5 and 10 from any number. They will use hands-on resources to help them understand and apply their knowledge of place value in two digit numbers, representing the numbers in a variety of different ways.


Children learn that addition and multiplication number sentences can be re-ordered and the answer remains the same (commutativity) such as 9+5+1= 5+1+9. They learn that this is not the case with subtraction and division. They solve a variety of problems using mental and written calculations for +, -, x, ÷ in practical contexts. These methods will include partitioning which is where the number is broken up into more manageable parts (e.g. 64 = 60 + 4 or 50 + 14), re-ordering (e.g. moving the larger number to the beginning of the number sentence when adding several small numbers) and using a number line.  Children will know the 2, 5 and 10 times tables, as well as the matching division facts (4 x 5 = 20, 20 ÷ 5 = 4) and can recall them quickly and accurately. They apply their knowledge of addition and subtraction facts to 20 and can use these to work out facts up to 100.

Fractions including decimals

Throughout year 2, children will develop their understanding of fractions and the link to division. They explore this concept using pictures, images and hands-on resources. They will solve problems involving fractions (e.g. find 1/3 of the hexagon or ¼ of the marbles) and record what they have done. They will count regularly and fluently in fractions such as ½ and ¼ forwards and backwards and, through positioning them on a number line, understand that some have the same value (equivalent) e.g. ½ = 2/4.


Children will estimate, choose, use and compare a variety of measurements for length, mass, temperature, capacity, time and money. By the end of year 2, they will use measuring apparatus such as rulers accurately. They will use their knowledge of measurement to solve problems (e.g. how many ways to make 50p). They extend their understanding of time to tell and write it on an analogue clock to 5 minute intervals, including quarter past / to the hour. They will know key time related facts (minutes in an hour, hours in a day) and relate this to their everyday life.


Children will identify, describe, compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes according to their properties (sides, vertices, edges, faces) and apply this knowledge to solve simple problems. They develop their understanding by finding examples of 3-D shapes in the real world and exploring the 2-D shapes that can be found on them (e.g. a circle is one of the faces on a cylinder). Children begin to describe position, direction and movement in a range of different situations, including understanding rotation (turning through right angles clockwise and anti-clockwise). They use their knowledge of shape in patterns and sequences.


Children sort and compare information, communicating findings by asking and answering questions. They will draw simple pictograms, tally charts and tables.

Year 2 Learning Blog