Our Learning

Year 5

Welcome to Year 5 at Samuel Lucas

The third year of Key Stage 2 (KS2).

In the third year of Key Stage 2 (KS2) we aim to develop the children’s independence and help them to take increasing responsibility for their own learning.

The Maple class teacher is Mrs Carpenter.

The Walnut class teacher is Miss Mai.

Year 5 Summer Term 2022

Welcome to the Summer Term in Year 5!

This term there are lots of connections between the different subjects, which will make our learning especially memorable and exciting.

In English, we will be exploring Shakespeare’s Macbeth, reading extracts from the play, and looking at how Shakespeare presents the themes of power, ambition and guilt, as well as writing our own versions using all our Year 5 language skills. We will be meeting some of the great characters of English literature from the bearded witches to Lady Macbeth, the noble Macduff to the inept assassins. We will be charting Macbeth’s emotional journey as he is tempted by the promise of the crown, embroiled in murder and intrigue and finally vanquished by the nobles of Scotland. There are some fantastic plot twists and atmospheric writing, and we are very excited to be using this classic as inspiration for our own writing. We will be consolidating our knowledge of passive verbs, relative clauses and speech punctuation, as well as practising a range of text types – letters, newspaper reports and scripts.

In Maths we will be exploring decimals, properties of shape and measuring, so lots of practical work ahead. Working with decimals will be an opportunity to revisit our basic number skills of adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing, applying them to new place value columns. We will be sequencing and comparing decimals as well, building on our fraction work from last term. After decimals, we will be exploring using protractors making sure we can use them to measure and draw our own angles, as well as combining protractor and ruler work to draw shapes accurately. Once we have these skills under our belts, we will be working with co-ordinates and plotting points on a grid before moving on to our final unit, converting quantities between different units. These are fantastic transferable skills that we will be able to employ in Science and real life as well.

In Computing we are practising our design skills and learning about how to use 2Design and Make to customise 3D net templates for specific occasions and users. We will be looking at creating seasonal and celebration boxes, and at the end of the unit will be able to print off the nets we have designed and make up our nets into a final product. To end the year we will be exploring concept maps and practising our word processing skills.

In Art we will be using Macbeth as our inspiration and work on producing images of the heath where Macbeth meets the witches. We will be practising a range of painting techniques, including colour mixing, creating washes, drawing outdoors, sketching to prepare for painting and painting in detail from close observation of flowers. We will be producing layered paintings, working on our pieces in two week units and building up layers of colour, texture and different kinds of image.

In History, we will be exploring the Tudors, recapping what we know about Henry VIII and looking at the other 5 monarchs of this period. We will be exploring the religious tensions that troubled the monarchs and the Reformation, as well as England’s relations with Europe and their exploration of the wider world.

In Science, we’ll be learning about life cycles of different living things which will link to our PSHE and the human life cycle later in the term.

It is going to be an exciting, productive term and we are looking forward to all the amazing learning, writing and art that the Year 5 children are going to produce!


In PSHE & RSE theme for the Summer Term 1 is “Relationships”.  In Year 5, our weekly sessions include:

  • setting ourselves simple goals and working out how to achieve them,
  • tackling new challenges and identifying and overcoming obstacles which make it difficult to achieve them and finally,
  • practising describing how we feel and how we celebrate when we succeed in a new challenge.

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: characteristics, personal qualities, attributes, self-esteem, social network, community, online, offline, responsibility, rights, risky, age-limit, violence, appropriate, grooming, trolled, gambling/betting, trustworthy, devices, screen time, mental health, physical health, personal information, safe and vulnerable.

The PSHE & RSE theme for the Summer Term 2 is “Changing Me”.  In Year 5, our weekly sessions will include revisiting and extending on previous years learning:

  • Know the correct names for private body parts and the different types of acceptable and unacceptable touch and understand what perception means
  • Know who to ask for help if they are worried or frightened
  • Know that the male and female body need to change at puberty (inside and outside changes)
  • Know that personal characteristics are inherited from birth parents and this is brought about by an ovum joining with a sperm
  • Know that personal hygiene is important
  • Know the change is a normal part of life and some cannot be controlled and will bring about different emotions
  • Know how girls’ and boys’ bodies change during puberty and understand the importance of looking after themselves physically and emotionally
  • Know that sexual intercourse is needed to help to conceive and others might use IVF
  • Know that becoming a teenager involves various changes and growing responsibility

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: self-image, private, life cycle, growing up and old, body image, self-esteem, perception, characteristics, affirmation, puberty, menstruation, periods, sanitary towel/pads, tampons, ovary, vagina, oestrogen, vulva, womb/uterus, penis, sperm, anus, semen, testicles, erection, ejaculation, wet dream, larynx, facial hair, growth spurt, hormones, conception, making love, sexual intercourse, fallopian tube, fertilisation, pregnancy, embryo, umbilical cord, contraception, fertility treatment, teenager, milestone, change, hope, manage, cope, emotional, excitement and anger.

Year 5 Spring Term 2022

Year 5 can look forward to some exciting learning this Spring Term. As Geographers, we will be travelling to different Biomes to locate and understand how different world climates affect the biomes as well.

Our theme for History is the Maya civilisation where we will be comparing their similarities and differences in religion, culture, fashion, settlements and even diet!  Of course, we will be making cross-curricular links in Art we will be studying Maya art and explore decorative art such as block printing, stitching and collaging.

Year 5 Scientists will be investigating properties and changes of different materials by experimenting with dissolving, evaporating, filtering and reversible and irreversible changes.

As mathematicians, we will be building on our knowledge of multiplication and division by learning more methods of calculation such as the grid and column method, then moving on to fractions and decimals.

In English, we have started our Suspense and Mystery unit using The Boy in the Tower as our core text, before focusing on persuasive writing. Beware, we may become so good at using these techniques, that we might even persuade you to let us have chocolate for dinner!

As religious experts, we will be learning about celebrations of key figures in religions, for example, Moses and the Jewish celebration of Passover. As always, we will be using our studies of other religious beliefs to reflect on our own religious, spiritual and humanist beliefs to encourage acceptance of our own responses as well as others’ opinions.

In PSHE & RSE theme for the Spring Term 1 is “Dreams and Goals”.  In Year 5, our weekly sessions include:

  • setting ourselves simple goals and working out how to achieve them,
  • tackling new challenges and identifying and overcoming obstacles which make it difficult to achieve them and finally,
  • practising describing how we feel and how we celebrate when we succeed in a new challenge.

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: dream, hope, goal, feeling, achievement, money, grown up, adult, lifestyle, job, career, profession, contribution, society, determination, perseverance, motivation, aspiration, sponsorship, communication, support, team work and cooperation.

Year 5 Autumn Term 2021

This year, Walnut class will be taught by Miss Mai and Maple will be taught by Ms Carpenter. We are lucky to have Miss Villareal in Walnut and Ms Thrussell in Maple supporting the children.

In English, we will be revisiting previous Year 4 skills and knowledge by exploring the children’s classic ‘Where the Wild Things Are’ by Maurice Sendak. This unit has a cross curricular PHSE link, and we will practise writing about feelings imaginatively in a diary form. We will be completing short, interactive writing activities aimed at building up our writing stamina and vocabulary. This will be followed by exploring traditional tales in depth to create our own traditional tale. We will then be continuing onto explanation texts which will have a cross-curricular link to our History and Geography topics.

In Maths, we will be revisiting and building on our previous place value knowledge by comparing larger numbers up to a million, and this will stand the children in good stead as they continue to work through the curriculum for the term. The children can work both individually and collaboratively within the lessons, and each morning they will have the chance to consolidate and deepen their learning from the previous day. This will ensure a solid understanding as well as offer an opportunity to address any misconceptions.

As scientists, we will be exploring Earth and Space in our science lessons, and finding out about how the Earth, Sun and Moon move in relation to each other and to our own world.

As Geographers, we will be travelling to North America and learning about population changes since the arrival of the Europeans, North American rivers and mountains. In History, we will be travelling back to Ancient Greece and investigate and interpret the Ancient Greek civilisation.

In Computing, we shall be completing our first Purplemash computing unit ‘Coding’ to learn how to code and design codes to complete operations.

Our first art project will link to our English and History topics, as we look at the representation of heroes in sculpture from Ancient Greece to the modern day. The children will be practising their sketching skills as we prepare to make 3-D pieces in wire inspired by Giacometti and finally explore how they might represent heroes in the present day.

In PE this autumn term, the children will start to look at communication and tactics.

The PSHE & RSE theme for the Autumn Term 1 is “Being Me in My World.” In Year 5, our weekly sessions include:

  • setting ourselves simple goals and working out how to achieve them,
  • tackling new challenges and identifying and overcoming obstacles which make it difficult to achieve them and finally,
  • practising describing how we feel and how we celebrate when we succeed in a new challenge.

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: education, appreciation, opportunities, goals, motivation, vision, hopes, rights, responsibilities, citizen, denied, emphasise, refugee, persecution, conflict, migrant, right, wealth, poverty, responsibilities, prejudice, privilege, deprive, rewards, consequences and choices.

In PSHE & RSE theme for the Autumn Term 2 is “Celebrating Difference”.  In Year 5, our weekly sessions include:

  • setting ourselves simple goals and working out how to achieve them,
  • tackling new challenges and identifying and overcoming obstacles which make it difficult to achieve them and finally,
  • practising describing how we feel and how we celebrate when we succeed in a new challenge.

Every lesson has a social and emotional development learning intention which focusses on either how we communicate or our feelings.

Vocabulary will include: culture, conflict, difference, similarity, belong, racism, colour, race, discrimination, bullying, rumour, name-calling, racist, homophobic, cyber-bullying, texting, indirect, direct, happiness, celebration, artefacts.

We are very much looking forward to the exciting term ahead!

Miss Mai and Ms Carpenter.

Core Subjects

Click on a tab below to read detailed information about how and what is taught in English and maths for Year 2 children. For an overview of the other subjects taught please view the Year 5 Curriculum Overview document.

Year 5 English


In English lessons, children are taught speaking, listening, reading and writing skills through studying a variety of styles of writing (genres).  Teachers follow the Teaching Sequence for Writing, which means that children will firstly be taught to read and understand the text, then practise the skills of the style of writing (including grammar) and apply into their own writing.

The Primary National Curriculum statements will be taught through the modules below.

Y5 English Coverage

The year 5 English curriculum consists of the following modules:

 Term OneTerm TwoTerm Three
NarrativeTraditional Tales – LegendsSuspense and mysteryFiction from our literacy heritage
PoetryVocabulary building
Structure - cinquain
Vocabulary building
Structure – spoken word poetry/rap
Vocabulary building
Take one poet – poetry appreciation

Curriculum Content:

Speaking and Listening

Children will be taught to discuss their learning and to develop speaking skills. They will become more familiar with and confident in, using language in a variety of situations, for a range of audiences and purposes. They will, for example:

  • Develop their understanding of a subject through discussions, learning to give their opinions and listen to other viewpoints.
  • Speak clearly and in different ways for drama, formal presentations and debate.
  • Reading

This part of the curriculum is broken down into ‘word reading’ and ‘comprehension’.

In year 5, pupils will be reading aloud a wider range of poetry and books written at an age-appropriate interest level with accuracy and at a reasonable speaking pace.  Children will be expected to read frequently, outside as well as in school, for pleasure and information.  They will have the opportunity to listen frequently to stories, poems, non-fiction and other writing. At this stage, word reading will not be directly taught, except where individuals need support.  Instead  the focus will be on the teaching of comprehension skills.

They will, for example:

  • Retrieve, record and present information from a text
  • Summarise the main ideas of a text eg ‘loneliness’ or ‘friendship’
  • Predict what may happen based on evidence and clues given
  • Discuss and evaluate the text and justify their views
  • Use clues from the text to work out characters’ feeling, actions or motives
  • Distinguish between fact and opinion
  • Identify how language, structure and presentation add to the meaning
  • Compare  different texts

We are able to provide you with lists of age appropriate texts to support the learning:

Traditional Tales – legends

  • Beowulf – K. Crossley-Holland
  • The Story of Robin Hood – R. Leeson
  • Athur, High King of Britain – Michael Morpurgo
  • The Tale of Tales – Tony Mitton
  • Myths and Legends – Anthony Horrowitz
  • Arion and the Dolphin – Vikram Seth
  • Just So Stories – Rudyard Kiplingditional
  • Suspense and mystery
  • Snow horse and other stories – Joan Aiken
  • Snaggletooth’s mystery – Gene Kemp
  • Shock forest and other stories – Margaret Mahy
  • Room 13 – Robert Swindells
  • The London Eye Mystery – Siobhan Dowd
  • No Such Thing as Dragons – Written and illustrated by Philip Reeve
  • Cosmic- Written by Frank Cottrell Boyce
  • Flood Child – Written by Emily Diamand

Fiction from our literacy heritage

  • Narnia Stories – CS Lewis
  • Harry Potter series – JK Rowling
  • Billy The Kid – Michael Morpurgo
  • Why the Whales Came – Michael Morpurgo
  • Oliver Twist – Charles Dickens
  • Kensuke’s Kingdom – Michael Morpurgo
  • A Christmas Carol – Charles Dickens
  • Stig of the Dump – Clive King
  • Snow Spider – Jenny Nimmo
  • Macbeth for Kids – Louis Burdett
  • The Wolves of Willoughby Chase – Joan Aiken
  • Peter Pan – J. M. Barrie
  • A Christmas Carol (Eyewitness classics) – Charles Dickens
  • The Hound of the Baskervilles – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (adapted by Chris Mould)
  • The Wind in the Willows – Kenneth Grahame
  • The Jungle Book – Rudyard Kipling
  • Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland – Lewis Carroll
  • Mary Poppins – P.L. Travers
  • Stories from Dickens (ed. Blishen)
  • Stories from Shakespeare (ed. Geraldine McCaughrean)


Writing is developed through teaching the following:


Children should learn to spell new words correctly and have opportunities to practise spelling skills.  They will be taught spelling patterns and conventions, and draw on their knowledge of word families and roots to help them spell new words correctly.  They will practise and use the words included in Appendix 1 of the National Curriculum for years 5 & 6. Children will be expected to use a dictionary and thesaurus.


Pupils will continue to be taught handwriting in order to increase speed, fluency and legibility.

Composition (structure): This includes vocabulary, grammar and punctuation. To develop their composition skills, the children will be taught to:

  • plan, draft, compose, edit and evaluate their writing
  • use a wide variety of punctuation and grammar features
  • select the appropriate grammar and vocabulary to develop the effectiveness of their writing
  • use a range of techniques to build detail into their writing and link ideas within and between paragraphs
  • adapt writing for a range of purposes and audiences as part of their work across the curriculum. In year 5 this will include (cross curricular example, schools to insert their own)

Grammar will be taught throughout the writing process and teachers will follow the terms and concepts of Appendix 2 of the National Curriculum.
Should you wish for a more detailed explanation, please follow this link to the Primary National Curriculum document.

Year 5 Maths

Working mathematically

By the end of year 5, children will apply their mathematical experiences to explore ideas and raise relevant questions, constructing complex explanations and reasoned arguments. They will be able to solve a wide variety of complex problems which require sustained concentration and demand efficient written and mental methods of calculations. These will include problems relating to fractions, scaling (times as many), converting between units of measure and employ all four operations (+, -, x, ÷).


Counting and understanding numbers

Children extend and apply their knowledge of place value for numbers up to one million, rounding, estimating and comparing them (including decimals and negative numbers) in a variety of situations. They are introduced to powers of ten and are able to count forwards or backwards from any number (for example, -50, -5… 5, 50, 500, 5000…). Through investigations, they will discover special numbers including factors, primes, square and cube numbers.


Children will be fluent in a wide range of mental calculation strategies for all operations and will select the most appropriate method dependent on the calculation. They apply their knowledge of place value fluently to multiply and divide numbers (including decimals) by 10, 100 and 1000. When mental methods are not appropriate, they use formal written methods of addition and subtraction accurately. They continue to develop their understanding of the formal methods through hands-on resources and use their known facts within long multiplication (up to 4 digit numbers by 2 digit numbers e.g. 2345 x 68) and short division (up to 4 digit numbers by 1 digit number e.g. 2345 ÷ 7) which may result in remainders. They solve multi-step problems in meaningful contexts and decide which operations to use.

Fractions including decimals and percentages

Children secure their strong understanding that fractions express a proportion of amounts and quantities (such as measurements), shapes and other visual representations. Children extend their knowledge and understanding of the connections between fractions and decimals to also include percentages. They will be able to derive simple equivalences (e.g.  67% = 67/100 = 0.67) and recall percentage and decimal equivalents for ½, ¼, 1/5, 2/5, 4/5 and fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25 (e.g. 25% = 25/100).

They order, add and subtract fractions, including mixed numbers and those whose denominators are multiples of the same number, for example + = + = = . Using apparatus, images and models, they multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers. Children continue to develop their understanding of fractions as numbers, measures and operators by finding fractions of numbers and quantities in real life situations.


Through a wide variety of practical experiences and hands-on resources, children extend their understanding of measurement. They convert larger to smaller related units of measure and vice-versa including length, capacity, weight, time and money.  Children will convert between imperial (such as inches, pints, miles) and metric units (such as centimetres, litres, kilometres). Children will measure, calculate and solve problems involving perimeter of straight-sided, right-angled shapes (rectilinear) and learn to express this algebraically such as, 4 + 2b = 20. They find and measure the area of these shapes with increasing accuracy. They begin to estimate volume.


Children will measure, identify and draw angles in degrees, developing a strong understanding of acute, obtuse, reflex and right angles. They use this knowledge to find missing angles and lengths in a variety of situations, including at a point, on a straight line and within a shape. Children will move (translate), reflect shapes and describe their new positions.  Language will be used with increasing sophistication to compare and classify shapes based on their properties and size. They will be able to visualise 3-D shapes from 2-D diagrams. They will use their understanding or shapes to solve problems.


Children will complete, read and solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in graphs, charts and tables, including timetables. They begin to decide which representations of data are the most appropriate and are able to justify their reasons.

Year 5 Learning Blog